Transport options for Boris Johnson and the next Prime Minister to reach Balmoral
For the first time, the Queen must remain in Scotland to appoint a new Prime Minister. There are several options for making the 400 mile journey from Westminster.
Here, the PA news agency looks at potential routes for Boris Johnson and his successor to meet the Queen next week.
According to Google Maps, traveling by private car would involve nine hours and 21 minutes on the road.
But the stops to refuel/recharge and rest mean the actual journey time would be much longer.
Fuel cost for a typical petrol car would be around £100.
There are four direct daytime trains from London King’s Cross to Aberdeen – 50 miles east of Balmoral – on Monday, the day before politicians meet the 96-year-old monarch.
The fastest is the 10am departure, which takes seven hours and six minutes.
Tickets are available from £93.50 in standard class and £291 in first class.
But getting from Aberdeen to Balmoral would involve a taxi costing around £100, or they could take a local bus on route 201 for £11.50.
The 9.15pm departure of the Caledonian Sleeper from London Euston on Monday arrives in Aberdeen at 7.40am the following morning.
But anyone booking now is unlikely to get a good night’s sleep as all compartments with beds are sold out.
Reclining seat tickets cost £75.
A seat on a British Airways flight from Heathrow to Aberdeen – the nearest airport to Balmoral – costs £307 in economy class and £603 in business class on Tuesday morning.
The flight lasts one hour and 35 minutes.
Video has emerged online showing the Duchess of Cambridge disembarking from a commercial plane at Aberdeen Airport with her children Princess Charlotte and Prince Louis en route to Balmoral earlier this month.
In the highly unlikely event that Mr Johnson and his successor want to travel by coach, they could buy a ticket on the Megabus service which leaves London Victoria at 8am on Monday for £48.29 each.
After changing coaches in Glasgow, they will arrive in Aberdeen at 10:25 p.m.
A private plane or helicopter is a likely option for politicians.
The trip would take around 45 minutes by private jet or 2.5 hours by helicopter.
Both options would cost thousands of pounds for private passengers.
Clean transport campaign group Transport & Environment said private jets emit up to two tonnes of CO2 in just one hour, around a quarter of the amount emitted by an average person in Europe over an entire year.
A spokesperson for the group said: “Flying in a private jet is probably the worst thing the new Prime Minister can do for the environment and on day one.
“Jets are 5 to 14 times more polluting than commercial planes per passenger, and 50 times more polluting than trains.
“Both transport options are possible for the new PM for the journey to Balmoral.
“In the midst of a cost of living crisis, some form of energy sobriety would be a sign of respect for the British people.”